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The Sienese boast their own painting tradition, referred to as the Sienese School -- which is distinct and clearly different from the more sober Renaissance art produced in Florence.Siena is the home to Italy's National Painting Gallery -- Pinacoteca Nazionale -- where a collection masterpieces by Duccio Di Buoninsegna, Simone Martini, Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti of the Sienese school are are on display.


Duccio di Buoninsegna (1255-1319), was the first great Sienese painter, and he is to the Sienese School, what Giotto was to the Florentine. He was the true founder of the Sienese school, with a style influenced by French Gothic and inspired by oriental and Byzantine elements.

Image: "Maestà" - Museo dell'Opera del Duomo Siena.
Read More: Directory about Duccio di Buoninsegna


Simone Martini (1284-1344), a Sienese painter, the pupil of Duccio, who developed the use of outline for the sake of linear rythm, as well as the sophisticated colour harmonies implicit in Duccio. His work is noted for its incomparable level of linear perfection, and has some elements of French Gothic influence. He was also deeply influenced by the sculpture of Giovanni Pisa

Image: "Guido Riccio da Fogliano" (1328) - Palazzo Pubblico, Sala del Mappamondo Siena.
Read More: Directory about Simone Martini


Jacopo della Quercia (sculptor, 1361-1438), one of the earliest Italian Renaissance sculptors, noted for his fountain in the piazza del Campo of Siena, the Fonte Gaia (1419, now in Palazzo Pubblico, Siena) which has been replaced by a copy.

Image: "Speranza" (1409-19) - Palazzo Pubblico Siena.
Read More: Jacopo della Quercia on "Web GALLERY of Art"


Ambrogio Lorenzetti (d. 1347), a 14th century Italian painters born in Siena, one of the two Lorenzetti brothers. He belonged to the Sienese School, dominated by the stylized Byzantine tradition.

Image: "Effetti del Buongoverno" (1337-1340) - Palazzo Pubblico Siena.
Read More: Ambrogio Lorenzetti on "Web GALLERY of Art"


Pietro Lorenzetti (1280-1345), he was the more traditional minded of the two brothers, showing harmony, refinement and detail.

Image: "La nascita di Maria" (1342) - Museo dell'Opera del Duomo Siena.
Read More: Pietro Lorenzetti on "Web GALLERY of Art"

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